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生化实验室设计的建设标准与规划设计有哪些?

来源:http://www.sdrunjing.com/ 日期:2020-07-23 发布人:runjing
众所周知,生化实验室不同于一般的实验室工程和净化工程,它一般由准备室、洗涤室、灭菌室、无菌室、恒温培养室和普通室六部份组成,生化实验室设计的标准与设计规划和其他实验室也有所不同。
As we all know, biochemical laboratory is different from general laboratory engineering and purification engineering. It is generally composed of six parts: preparation room, washing room, sterilization room, aseptic room, constant temperature cultivation room and ordinary room. The design standard and planning of biochemical laboratory are also different from other laboratories.
一、生化实验室设计规划有哪些?
1、 What are the design plans of biochemical laboratory?
1.实验台表面应不透水,耐腐蚀、耐热。
1. The surface of the test bench shall be impermeable, corrosion-resistant and heat-resistant.
2.所需真空泵应放在实验室内。真空管线要装置在线过滤器。
2. The required vacuum pump should be placed in the laboratory. The vacuum pipeline should be equipped with on-line filter.
3.压缩空气等钢瓶应放在实验室外。穿过围护结构的管道与围护结构之间要用不收缩的密封材料加以密封。气体管线要装置在线过滤器和防回流装置。
3. Cylinders such as compressed air should be placed outside the laboratory. The pipeline passing through the enclosure structure shall be sealed with non shrinking sealing material. The gas pipeline shall be equipped with on-line filter and backflow prevention device.
4.实验室中应设置洗眼器等装置。
4. Eye washer and other devices should be set up in the laboratory.
5.实验室出口应有发光指示标志。
5. The exit of the laboratory shall be provided with luminous indication signs.
6.实验室内外要设置通讯系统。
6. Communication system should be set up inside and outside the laboratory.
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7.实验室家具应牢固。为易于清洁,各种实验室家具和实验室设备之间应保持一定间隙。应有专门放置生物废弃物容器的实验台柜。实验室家具和实验室设备的边角和突出部位应光滑、无毛刺,以圆弧形为宜。
7. The laboratory furniture should be firm. In order to be easy to clean, a certain gap should be kept between various laboratory furniture and laboratory equipment. There should be a special laboratory cabinet for biological waste containers. The corners and protruding parts of laboratory furniture and equipment should be smooth and without burr, and arc shape is appropriate.
二、生化实验室设计的建设标准应考虑以下几个因素
2、 The construction standard of biochemical laboratory design should consider the following factors
1、疏散、撤离、逃生、顺畅、无阻,安全通道;一般生化实验室门主要向里开,但如设置有爆炸危险的房间,房门应朝外开,房门材质尽量选择压力玻璃。应尽量地要保持实验室的通风流畅、逃生通道畅通。
1. Evacuation, evacuation, escape, smooth, unimpeded, safe passage; the general biochemical laboratory door is mainly opened to the inside, but if the room with explosion risk is set, the door should open outward, and the door material should be pressure glass as far as possible. We should try our best to keep the ventilation of the laboratory smooth and the escape channel unblocked.
2、人体学(前后左右工作空间),好设备与科技工作者操作空间范围的协调搭配体现了科学化、人性化的规划设计。根据人体工程学的标准。我们做如下的划分以供参照:验台与实验台通道划分标准(通道间隔用L表示) L>500mm时,一边可站人操作; L>800mm时,一边可坐人操作;L>1200mm时,一边可坐人,一边可站人,中间不可过人; L>1500mm时,两边可坐人,中间可过人;L>1800mm时,两边可坐人,中间可过人可过仪器,天平台、仪器台不宜离墙太近,离墙400mm为宜。
2. Ergonomics (front and back, left and right working space), the coordination and collocation of good equipment and operation space range of scientific and technological workers reflect the scientific and humanized planning and design. According to international ergonomics standards. We have made the following division for reference: when l > 500mm, one side can stand for operation; when l > 800mm, one side can operate by sitting; when l > 1200mm, one side can sit and stand; when l > 1200mm, people can sit on one side and stand on the other side; when l > 1200mm, people can sit on one side and stand on the other side without passing through the middle; 50> When l > 1800mm, people can sit on both sides and pass through the instrument in the middle; when l > 1800mm, people can sit on both sides, and people can pass through the instrument in the middle. The platform and instrument platform should not be too close to the wall, and 400mm away from the wall is appropriate.
3、实验室建筑层高宜为3.7米-4.0米为宜,净高宜为2.7米-2.8米,有洁净度、压力梯度、恒温恒湿等特殊要求的实验室净高宜为2.5米-2.7米(不包括吊顶);实验室走廊净宽宜为2.5米-3.0米.普通实验室双门宽以1.1米-1.5米(不对称对开门)为宜,单门宽以0.8米-0.9米为宜。
3. The laboratory building height should be 3.7m-4.0m, the net height should be 2.7m-2.8m, the net height of the laboratory with special requirements such as cleanliness, pressure gradient, constant temperature and humidity should be 2.5m-2.7m (excluding the ceiling); the net width of the laboratory corridor should be 2.5m-3.0m; the double door width of the general laboratory should be 1.1m-1.5m (asymmetric double door) and the single door width should be 0.8m-0.9m.
以上是关于生化实验室设计的建设标准与规划设计的相关内容介绍,想要了解更多内容欢迎点击山东实验室装修设计http://www.sdrunjing.com官方网站。
The above is about the biochemical laboratory design construction standards and planning design related content introduction, want to know more content, welcome to click Shandong laboratory decoration design http://www.sdrunjing.com Official website.
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