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安全绿色实验室的建设和管理!

来源:http://www.sdrunjing.com/ 日期:2020-04-06 发布人:锐浩
  虽然长期以来人们开始关注和研究安全与环境保护问题,但由于教学质量和科研成果的重要性,容易忽视安全与绿色实验室的建设和管理。安全与环境保护的前沿研究成果和高新技术在实验室安全与环境保护中的应用还远远不够。绿色技术与设计的研究已不能满足实验室建设的需要。同时,实验本身是不可预测的,实验必然会伴随着一定的风险和危害。
  Although people began to pay attention to and study safety and environmental protection for a long time, but because of the importance of teaching quality and scientific research results, it is easy to ignore the construction and management of safety and green laboratory. The frontier research results of safety and environmental protection and the application of high-tech in laboratory safety and environmental protection are far from enough. The research of green technology and design can not meet the needs of laboratory construction. At the same time, the experiment itself is unpredictable, and the experiment will inevitably be accompanied by certain risks and hazards.
  从某种意义上说,实验室安全与环境保护是行为风险问题,它们的存在是不可避免的。每个进入实验室的人都会遇到各种不安全或有害的因素。如果忽视这些因素的预防,就会发生安全和环境事故。因此,建设安全的绿色实验室具有重要的意义。建设安全、绿色实验室,应坚持以下基本原则:
  In a sense, laboratory safety and environmental protection are behavioral risk problems, and their existence is inevitable. Everyone who enters the laboratory will encounter various unsafe or harmful factors. If the prevention of these factors is ignored, safety and environmental accidents will occur. Therefore, it is of great significance to build a safe green laboratory. To build a safe and green laboratory, we should adhere to the following basic principles:
  1. 把人放在位
  1. Put people first
  人是实验室安全与环保建设的本体。建设安全绿色实验室的根本目的是保障人类的安全。
  Human is the essence of laboratory safety and environmental protection construction. The fundamental purpose of building a safe and green laboratory is to ensure human safety.
  安全
  Safety first
  无论在什么样的实验室进行实验,都会有各种各样的安全隐患,而这些安全隐患不造成事故是实验顺利完成的前提。因此,实验室的建设和管理首先要满足安全的要求,尽可能采取各种措施消除安全隐患,有效防止事故的发生。
  No matter what kind of laboratory to carry out the experiment, there will be a variety of security risks, and these security risks do not cause accidents is the premise of the successful completion of the experiment. Therefore, the construction and management of the laboratory should first meet the requirements of safety, and take various measures to eliminate potential safety hazards and effectively prevent accidents.
  3.有规则可循
  3. Rules to follow
  安全是一个相对的概念,那么什么是安全呢?如何建立相对安全的实验室?除了国家政策和有关规定,有必要制定可操作的规章制度根据实验室的特殊性,确定安全实验室和绿色标准,并确保有建设的法律、法规遵循实验室安全和环境保护。
  Safety is a relative concept, so what is safety? How to establish a relatively safe laboratory? In addition to national policies and relevant regulations, it is necessary to formulate operable rules and regulations, determine the safety laboratory and green standards according to the particularity of the laboratory, and ensure that there are construction laws and regulations to follow the laboratory safety and environmental protection.
山东实验室装修设计
  节省资源
  save resources
  安全绿色实验室应根据所开展的实验类型进行设计,并根据不同实验的特点和等级标准进行可行性论证,以节约资源,合理使用,避免重复建设。对整个实验过程进行经济管理,大幅降低实验能耗、实验材料和水资源的消耗。如没有高安全级别实验的实验室,或高安全级别实验数量较少,应按相应的安全级别进行实验室安全建设。高安全级别实验室可以开放共享,提高实验室利用率,实现资金节约和资源共享。
  The safety green laboratory should be designed according to the types of experiments carried out, and the feasibility demonstration should be carried out according to the characteristics and grade standards of different experiments, so as to save resources, use reasonably and avoid repeated construction. Economic management of the whole experimental process can greatly reduce the experimental energy consumption, experimental materials and water resources consumption. If there is no laboratory with high security level, or the number of high security level experiments is small, the laboratory security construction should be carried out according to the corresponding security level. High security level laboratories can be open to sharing, improve the utilization rate of laboratories, and realize capital saving and resource sharing.
  5. 可持续发展
  5. sustainable development
  随着科学技术的发展,实验室安全建设是动态的。为了满足新实验的安全要求,实验室安全建设应在节约资源的前提下着眼长远发展。对用新技术可能出现的安全隐患要有预见性,做到事前预防,事后利用。在设计安全方案时,应预留发展空间,不因安全因素而限制实验室的发展。
  With the development of science and technology, laboratory safety construction is dynamic. In order to meet the safety requirements of the new experiment, the laboratory safety construction should focus on the long-term development under the premise of saving resources. The potential safety hazards of new technology shall be foreseen, prevented in advance and utilized afterwards. In the design of safety scheme, development space should be reserved, and the development of the laboratory should not be limited due to safety factors.
  6. 环境保护
  6. Environmental protection
  实验室如果排放进入大气、水、土壤和其他有毒、有害物质,会带来环境污染,因此,实验室工程师应该更清楚地了解到加强环境保护的重要性和必要性,规划和建设实验室和实验过程中应该充分意识到环境因素,使用无毒、无害的原料尽可能减少排放废物的环境,与此同时,加强废物处置,防止环境污染,再次形成治理后避免污染环境的事后批评行为。
  If the laboratory discharges into the atmosphere, water, soil and other toxic and harmful substances, it will bring about environmental pollution. Therefore, the laboratory engineer should have a clearer understanding of the importance and necessity of strengthening environmental protection. During the planning and construction of the laboratory and the experiment process, he should be fully aware of environmental factors, and use non-toxic and harmless raw materials to reduce the environment of waste discharge as much as possible, At the same time, we should strengthen waste disposal, prevent environmental pollution, and once again form criticism after treatment to avoid environmental pollution.

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