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潜在的实验室风险你了解多少?

来源:http://www.sdrunjing.com/ 日期:2020-03-23 发布人:锐浩
  在做实验的时候,往往会有很多的实验人员对一些潜在的实验室风险并没有给予足够的重视,但是很多时候正是这些潜在的风险导致了数据的不准确,容易被混淆。实验室家具空调系统是洁净实验室安全运行的关键。因为——清洁实验室生物安全实验室操作对象是危险的微生物、动物和植物,对人体和环境有危害,必须通过采用合理的空调系统,清洁实验室生物安全实验室相对负压环境只要你灭亡,不是以保证实验室危险的微生物不能传播到外部环境。不同实验室装修水平的层流手术室空气清洁度标准不同。如国内I级层流手术室标准为5级。空气中的粉尘粒子数≥0.5 m / m3≤100或≤3.5 / l空气。II级层流手术室的标准洁净度为6级,空气中的粉尘颗粒数≥0.5 m /立方英尺,≤1000或≤35 /升空气。III级层流手术室的标准为7级洁净。空气中的粉尘粒子数≥0.5 m / m3≤10,000或≤352 / l空气。等等。更严重的还可能造成安全隐患,危害员工!那么,你对这些潜在的实验室风险了解多少呢?我不知道跟那个小编辑下去有什么危险!
  When doing experiments, there are often many experimenters who do not pay enough attention to some potential laboratory risks, but many times it is these potential risks that lead to inaccurate data and easy to be confused. The air conditioning system of laboratory furniture is the key to the safe operation of clean laboratory. Because - the operation object of the biosafety laboratory in the clean laboratory is dangerous microorganisms, animals and plants, which are harmful to human body and environment. It is necessary to adopt a reasonable air conditioning system to clean the relative negative pressure environment of the biosafety laboratory in the clean laboratory as long as you die, not to ensure that the dangerous microorganisms in the laboratory cannot be transmitted to the external environment. The air cleanliness standards of laminar flow operating rooms with different decoration levels are different. For example, the domestic standard of level I laminar flow operating room is level 5. The number of dust particles in the air ≥ 0.5 m / m3 ≤ 100 or ≤ 3.5/l air. The standard cleanliness of level II laminar flow operating room is level 6, and the number of dust particles in the air is ≥ 0.5 m / cubic foot, and ≤ 1000 or ≤ 35 / l air. The standard of level III laminar flow operating room is level 7 clean. The number of dust particles in the air ≥ 0.5 m / m3 ≤ 10000 or ≤ 352 / l air. Wait. Even more serious, it may cause potential safety hazards and harm employees! So, how much do you know about these potential laboratory risks? I don't know what the risks are with that little editor!
  一、实验室设备及设备的风险
  1、 Risks of laboratory equipment and equipment
  1. 相互影响的仪器设备放在一起相互干扰,造成数据不准确。
  1. The instruments and equipment that affect each other are placed together to interfere with each other, resulting in inaccurate data.
  2. 设备长时间未校准/检定,精度无法保证。
  2. The equipment has not been calibrated / verified for a long time, and the accuracy cannot be guaranteed.
  3.验证过程中未使用该设备,且性能未得到控制。
  3. The equipment is not used in the verification process, and the performance is not controlled.
  4. 仪器和设备不应被识别或混淆,并容易被滥用。
  4. Instruments and equipment shall not be identified or confused, and easy to be abused.
  5. 设备没有安全防护设备,给操作人员带来安全隐患。
  5. The equipment has no safety protection equipment, which brings potential safety hazards to operators.
  6. 没有气瓶的分类储存,没有固定的、防泄漏的设施,有发生爆燃的潜在危险。
  6. There is no classified storage of gas cylinders, no fixed and leakage proof facilities, and there is a potential risk of deflagration.
  7. 仪器设备的空气接口混乱,存在火灾安全隐患
  7. The air interface of the instrument and equipment is disordered, and there is a fire safety hazard
  8. 仪器设备的使用没有记录,异常现象无法追踪。
  8. The use of instruments and equipment is not recorded, and abnormal phenomena cannot be traced.
  9. 仪器设备档案信息不完整,给维护带来麻烦。
  9. Incomplete file information of instruments and equipment causes trouble for maintenance.
  10. 设备无强力排气装置,对操作者有害。
  10. The equipment has no strong exhaust device, which is harmful to the operator.
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  实验室环境控制中的风险
  Risks in laboratory environmental control
  1. 手术室与仪器之间无温湿度,实验环境条件不明确。
  1. There is no temperature and humidity between the operating room and the instrument, and the experimental environment conditions are not clear.
  2. 没有对环境造成威胁的“三废”收集和处理装置。
  2. There is no "three wastes" collection and treatment device that poses a threat to the environment.
  3.房间的墙壁脱落,地板粗糙,杂物散落,台面凌乱,环境感觉不好,有灰尘污染实验的危险。
  3. The walls of the room fall off, the floor is rough, the sundries are scattered, the table is messy, the environment feels bad, and there is a risk of dust pollution test.
  本实验室没有强制通风设备,没有防火、防水、防腐蚀等应急设施,存在人身安全隐患。
  The laboratory has no forced ventilation equipment, no fire prevention, waterproof, anti-corrosion and other emergency facilities, and there are potential personal safety hazards.
  5. 废弃物和长期停用的设备没有被清理出试验场,因此存在误用的风险。
  5. Waste and long-term out of service equipment are not removed from the test site, so there is a risk of misuse.
  6. 试验过程中没有环境条件记录,因此无法重现试验结果。
  6. There is no record of environmental conditions during the test, so the test results cannot be reproduced.
  7. 动物实验室后勤与人员流动不相分离,一、二、三不规范,存在交叉污染的风险。
  7. The logistics and personnel flow of animal laboratory are not separated, the first, second and third are not standardized, and there is a risk of cross contamination.
  病原体实验室没有生物安全装置,存在操作人员感染的风险。
  There is no biosafety device in pathogen laboratory, so there is a risk of infection for operators.
  9. 阴影工作空间没有有效的隔离,影响了测试结果的准确性。
  9. Shadow workspace is not effectively isolated, which affects the accuracy of test results.
  10. 办公室、检测室和仪器室的混合和交叉污染,存在潜在的安全风险和结果准确性风险。
  10. There are potential safety risks and result accuracy risks in the mixing and cross contamination of offices, testing rooms and instrument rooms.
  以上就是山东实验室装修设计公司整理发布,更多相关信息可以点击官网进行咨询:http://www.sdruihao.com/
  The above is organized and released by Shandong laboratory decoration design company. For more information, please click the official website for consultation: http://www.sdruihao.com/

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