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一个好的实验室设计方案应该关注哪些因素呢?

来源:http://www.sdrunjing.com/ 日期:2020-06-20 发布人:润静小编
  实验室建设是一项系统的工程,涉及周期长、预算限制、场地制约、地理位置、气候特点等诸多因素,需要有系统的、闭环的思维和理念。正所谓磨刀不误砍材工,实验室建设需要提前在实验室设计阶段打好基础,才能不至于出现在装修阶段、验收阶段、使用阶段,甚至是后期的维护阶段发现各种各样令人头疼的后遗症,相信很多实验室管理人员都有过类似的失败经历。
  Laboratory construction is a systematic project, involving many factors such as long cycle, budget limitation, site restriction, geographical location, climate characteristics, etc., which requires systematic and closed-loop thinking and concept. Just as the so-called "sharpening knife does not cut wood by mistake", the laboratory construction needs to lay a good foundation in the laboratory design stage in advance, so as not to appear in the decoration stage, acceptance stage, use stage, even in the later maintenance stage to find all kinds of headache sequelae, I believe that many laboratory managers have experienced similar failures.
  那么一个好的实验室设计方案应该关注哪些因素呢?接下来就由山东实验室装修设计给大家介绍一下。
  So what factors should a good laboratory design focus on? Next by Shandong laboratory decoration design to introduce to you.
  1.实验室平面布局设计,实验室平面布局设计是根据实验室性质、实验室的目标定位、实验室的功能要求、实验类型以及实验工艺流程等因素,按照相关标准针对实验室既有场地进行科学、合理的功能间区分和布局的工作。
  1. The laboratory layout design is a scientific and reasonable work of functional distinction and layout for the existing site of the laboratory according to the laboratory nature, laboratory target positioning, laboratory functional requirements, experimental type, experimental process and other factors according to relevant standards.
  实验室平面设计要求实验室设计师必须熟悉我国建筑装饰知识、我国实验室相关标准和规范、熟悉所设计的实验室实验工艺流程等
  The graphic design of the laboratory requires that the laboratory designer must be familiar with the knowledge of architectural decoration in China, the relevant standards and specifications of the laboratory in China, and the designed process of the laboratory experiment, etc
  2.实验室面积及仪器摆放,实验室设计前应根据该实验流程来确定仪器的种类、数量、规格型号、外形尺寸、电压功率等参数以及摆放位置,设计师针对性的做出仪器电源、给排水、供气、纯净水以及排风管道接口的设计。
  2. Laboratory area and instrument placement. Before the design of the laboratory, the type, quantity, specification and model, boundary dimension, voltage and power and other parameters as well as placement position of the instrument shall be determined according to the experimental process. The designer shall make the design of instrument power supply, water supply and drainage, gas supply, purified water and exhaust pipe interface.
  根据仪器数量及放置位置确定各区域所需面积,分割有效利用空间。仪器摆放不仅要方便工作,还要考虑地面承重问题。
           山东实验室装修设计
  Determine the required area of each area according to the number and placement position of the instrument, and divide the effective space. The arrangement of instruments should not only be convenient for work, but also consider the bearing of the ground.
  3.通风系统设计,实验室通风系统设计是实验室设计中的重中之重,也是实验室建设成败的关键因素。实验室通风系统设计包含排风系统和补风系统两方面。依据流体力学进行综合的分析计算,科学合理的设计排风系统,进而达到设计上实验室的安全、舒适、节能等目的。
  3. Ventilation system design, laboratory ventilation system design is the most important in the laboratory design, and also the key factor of the success or failure of the laboratory construction. The design of ventilation system in laboratory includes exhaust system and air supplement system. According to the fluid mechanics, the comprehensive analysis and calculation are carried out, and the exhaust system is designed scientifically and reasonably, so as to achieve the purpose of safety, comfort and energy saving in the design of the laboratory.
  4.电气工程设计,实验室电气工程设计包含强弱电两方面。强电方面主要包含仪器用电、照明插座等,弱电包含:网络、数据通信、广播、视频监控等等。强电设计应根据各仪器设备功率汇总,按功能间、楼层、整栋大楼一级一级的进行统计,依据电气工程学相关知识进行配电系统的设计。每个仪器间单独设置房间终端配电箱,且主要仪器需要单独留出一个回路,不能与房间照明或其他插座串联,这样主要是满足仪器设备的使用和维护要求。楼层配电箱应安置在专用的配电房,设置门锁,需专人管理。
  4. Electrical engineering design and laboratory electrical engineering design include strong and weak electricity. In terms of strong current, it mainly includes instrument power, lighting socket, etc., while weak current includes: network, data communication, broadcasting, video monitoring, etc. The design of strong current shall be based on the power summary of each instrument and equipment, the statistics of function room, floor and the first level of the whole building, and the design of power distribution system based on the relevant knowledge of electrical engineering. Each instrument room is equipped with a separate room terminal distribution box, and the main instrument needs to leave a separate circuit, which cannot be connected in series with the room lighting or other sockets, so as to meet the use and maintenance requirements of the instrument and equipment. The floor distribution box shall be placed in a special distribution room with a door lock, which shall be managed by a specially assigned person.
  实验室应配备UPS(不间断电源)为实验室主要设备提供保护。根据实验室设备用电参数,确定不间断电源功率及电流参数,应注意不间断电源的选择应为实验室发展预留足够空间,考虑未来一段时间实验室添置仪器设备的可能性及计划购置仪器的参数,然后充分预留配电负荷。
  The laboratory shall be equipped with UPS (uninterruptible power supply) to protect the main equipment of the laboratory. According to the power consumption parameters of the laboratory equipment, the power and current parameters of the ups should be determined. It should be noted that the selection of the ups should reserve enough space for the development of the laboratory. The possibility of adding instruments and equipment in the laboratory in the future and the parameters of purchasing instruments should be considered, and then the distribution load should be fully reserved.
  5.给排水设计实验室给排水包含自来水和纯水。因为实验室的给排水好的方式都是采用暗装,所以设计如果有遗漏的话将会给后期的实验室管理带来很大的不便和烦恼。
  5. Water supply and drainage design laboratory includes tap water and pure water. Because the good way of water supply and drainage in the laboratory is to use concealed installation, if the design is omitted, it will bring great inconvenience and trouble to the later laboratory management.
  6.实验室温度、湿度要求(空调系统),实验室的温湿度应根据实验要求设计,普通的理化室采用普通的分体空调或多联机即可。对于精密仪器室对温湿度有一定的要求,比如ICP、ICP-MS等。另有一些特殊的如纤维检验、纸品检测、纺织面料等对温湿度都有更高的要求。设计师在设计这样的实验室是需要依据标准针对性的选材。
  6. The temperature and humidity requirements of the laboratory (air conditioning system), the temperature and humidity of the laboratory shall be designed according to the requirements of the experiment, and the ordinary physical and chemical room can be designed by using ordinary split air conditioning or multi connected air conditioning. For precision instrument room, there are certain requirements for temperature and humidity, such as ICP, ICP-MS, etc. There are also some special requirements for temperature and humidity, such as fiber inspection, paper inspection, textile fabrics, etc. In designing such a laboratory, designers need to select materials according to the standards.
  本文由山东实验室装修设计友情整理提供,想要了解更多欢迎点击http://www.sdrunjing.com网站。
  This article is provided by the decoration design of Shandong laboratory. If you want to know more, please click http://www.sdrunjing.com Website.

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