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实验室装修设计有什么条件要求?

来源:http://www.sdrunjing.com/ 日期:2020-05-28 发布人:润静小编
  根据实验的需要,实验室装修包括有价值的精密仪器和各种化学品,包括易燃和腐蚀性药物。此外,在操作过程中经常会产生有害气体或蒸气。因此,对实验室结构,环境,室内设施等有特殊要求,在准备新实验室或改造原实验室时应予以考虑。
  According to the needs of the experiment, the laboratory decoration includes valuable precision instruments and various chemicals, including flammable and corrosive drugs. In addition, harmful gases or vapours are often produced during operation. Therefore, there are special requirements for the laboratory structure, environment, indoor facilities, etc., which should be considered when preparing a new laboratory or transforming the original laboratory.
  实验室大致分为三类:精密仪器实验室、化学分析实验室、辅助室(办公室、储藏室、气瓶室等)。
  There are three types of laboratories: precision instrument laboratory, chemical analysis laboratory, auxiliary room (office, storage room, gas cylinder room, etc.).
  实验室必须没有灰尘、烟雾、噪音和振动,因此实验室不应建在交通要道、锅炉房、电脑室和生产车间附近(车间实验室除外)。为了保持良好的天气条件,一般应该是南北走向。
  The laboratory must be free from dust, smoke, noise and vibration, so the laboratory should not be built near the main traffic roads, boiler room, computer room and production workshop (except workshop laboratory). In order to maintain good weather conditions, it should be generally north-south.
  精密仪器实验室设计
  Design of precision instrument laboratory
  精密仪器室要求具有防火,防震,抗电磁干扰,抗噪声,防潮,防腐,防尘,防有害气体侵入等功能。室温尽可能保持恒定。为了保持一般仪器的良好性能,温度应为15~30℃,尽量控制在18-25℃。湿度在60%-70%之间。恒温仪器室可配备双门窗和空调。
  Precision instrument room is required to be fireproof, shockproof, anti electromagnetic interference, anti noise, moisture-proof, anti-corrosion, dust-proof, anti harmful gas intrusion and other functions. Keep the room temperature as constant as possible. In order to maintain the good performance of general instruments, the temperature should be 15-30 ℃, and try to control it at 18-25 ℃. The humidity is between 60% and 70%. Thermostatic instrument room can be equipped with double doors and windows and air conditioner.
山东实验室装修设计
  仪器室可以用清水地面或防静电地板,不建议使用地毯,因为地毯容易积尘,也会产生静电。大型精密仪表室的供电电压应稳定,一般允许电压波动范围为±10%。必要时配备辅助设备(如稳定电压电源等)。为了保证供电不间断,可以使用双电源。专用地线的设计必须有小于4ω的地极电阻。
  The instrument room can use clean water floor or anti-static floor. It is not recommended to use carpet, because carpet is easy to accumulate dust and generate static electricity. The power supply voltage of large precision instrument room shall be stable, and generally the allowable voltage fluctuation range is ± 10%. If necessary, auxiliary equipment (such as stable voltage power supply, etc.) shall be provided. In order to ensure uninterrupted power supply, dual power supply can be used. The design of the special ground wire must have a ground resistance less than 4 ω.
  由于使用高压气瓶,气相色谱室和原子吸收分析室更好位于室外气缸室(朝北)附近。仪器与墙壁的距离为500mm,便于操作和维护。房间里应该通风良好。原子吸收仪器设有部分排气盖。
  Due to the use of high-pressure gas cylinders, gas chromatography rooms and atomic absorption analysis rooms are preferably located near the outdoor cylinder chamber (facing north). The distance between the instrument and the wall is 500mm, which is convenient for operation and maintenance. The room should be well ventilated. The atomic absorption apparatus is provided with a partial exhaust cover.
  微机和微机控制的精密仪器对电源电压和频率有一定的要求。为了防止电压暂态、瞬时停电、电压短缺等问题,采用不间断电源(UPS)。可根据需要选择。
  The precision instruments controlled by microcomputers and microcomputers have certain requirements for power supply voltage and frequency. In order to prevent voltage transient, instantaneous power failure, voltage shortage and other problems, uninterruptible power supply (UPS) is used. It can be selected as required.
  化学分析室
  Chemical analysis room
  中进行样品的化学处理和分析测定,工作中常使用一些小型的电器设备及各种化学试剂,如操作不慎也具有一定的危险性,针对这些使用特点,在化学分析室设计上应注意以下要求:
  For chemical treatment and analysis of samples, some small electrical equipment and various chemical reagents are often used in the work, such as careless operation, which also has certain danger. In view of these use characteristics, the following requirements should be paid attention to in the design of chemical analysis room:
  建筑要求
  Building requirements
  化验室的建筑应耐火或用不易燃的材料建成,隔断和顶棚也要考虑到防火性能。可采用水磨石地面,窗户要能防尘,室内采光要好,门应向外开,大实验室应设两个出口,以利于发生意外时人员的撤离。
  The building of the laboratory shall be made of fire-resistant or nonflammable materials, and the partition and ceiling shall also take into account the fire performance. The terrazzo floor can be used. The windows shall be dust-proof, the indoor lighting shall be good, the doors shall be opened outwards, and the large laboratory shall be equipped with two exits to facilitate the evacuation of personnel in case of an accident.
  供水和排水
  Water supply and drainage
  供水要保证必须的水压、水质、和水量以满足仪器设备正常运行的需要,室内总阀门应设在易操作的显著位置,下水道应采用耐酸碱腐蚀的材料,地面应有地漏。
  For water supply, the necessary water pressure, quality and quantity shall be ensured to meet the requirements of normal operation of instruments and equipment. The main valve in the room shall be set at an obvious position easy to operate. The sewer shall be made of acid and alkali resistant materials, and the ground shall be provided with floor drain.
  通风设施
  Ventilation facilities
  由于化验工作中常常会产生有毒或易燃的气体,因此化验室要有良好的通风条件,通风设施一般有3种:
  As toxic or flammable gases are often produced in the laboratory work, the laboratory should have good ventilation conditions. Generally, there are three types of ventilation facilities:
  ⑴全室通风:采用排气扇或通风竖井,换气次数一般为5次/时。
  (1) ventilation of the whole room: exhaust fan or ventilation shaft shall be used, and the ventilation frequency is generally 5 times / hour.
  ⑵局部排气罩:一般安装在大型仪器发生有害气体部位的上方。在教学实验室中产生有害气体的上方,设置 局部排气罩以减少室内空气的污染。
  (2) local exhaust hood: generally installed above the place where harmful gas occurs in large instruments. In order to reduce the indoor air pollution, a local exhaust hood is set up above the harmful gases produced in the teaching laboratory.
  ⑶通风柜:这是实验室常用的一种局部排风设备。
  (3) ventilation cabinet: This is a kind of local exhaust equipment commonly used in the laboratory.
  以上是对实验室装修设计条件要求的相关内容介绍,本文由山东实验室装修设计友情分享,想要了解更多欢迎咨询网站http://www.sdrunjing.com
  The above is an introduction to the requirements of laboratory decoration design conditions. This article is shared by Shandong laboratory decoration design. If you want to know more, please consult the website http://www.sdrunjing.com 。

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