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根据经济和科学原则建立无菌房间!

来源:http://www.sdrunjing.com/ 日期:2020-04-26 发布人:润静小编
  应根据经济和科学原则建立无菌房间。基本要求如下:
  Aseptic rooms should be established according to economic and scientific principles. The basic requirements are as follows:
  (1)无菌室应有两个房间,外面有两个房间。这是一个无菌室,外面是一个缓冲室。房间的体积不应太大,不宜作空气消毒。内面积2~2.5=5 m~2,外面积1~2=2 m~2,高度2.5 m~2以下。里面和外面应该有一个天花板。
  (1) There should be two rooms in the sterile room and two rooms outside. This is a sterile room, outside is a buffer room. The volume of the room should not be too large for air disinfection. The inner area is 2-2.5 = 5 m 2, the outer area is 1-2 = 2 m2, and the height is less than 2.5 m2. There should be a ceiling inside and outside.
  (2)之间应该是一个滑门,以便减少在空气中的波动。门应位于从工作位置更远;还可以应用到外滑动门,门应位于从更远之间的位置移开。 。
  (2) Between should be a sliding door in order to reduce fluctuations in the air. The door shall be located farthest from the working position; it can also be applied to the external sliding door, and the door shall be located away from the farthest position.
  (3)在内、外壁或隔墙之间开一个小窗口,为接种过程内外提供必要的通道,以减少进出人数,减少污染程度。小窗宽60 cm,高40 cm,厚30 cm,内外两边挂在窗框上。
  (3) A small window shall be opened between the inner wall, outer wall or partition wall to provide necessary access for the inside and outside of the inoculation process, so as to reduce the number of people entering and leaving and the degree of pollution. The small window is 60 cm wide, 40 cm high and 30 cm thick. It is hung on the window frame on both sides.
  (4)无菌室体积小,精度高。经过一段时间后,室温很高,所以应该提供通风窗。通风窗应设置在内室入口处的天花板上(离桌子更远的位置),更好是双层结构,外层是百叶窗,内层可以是板式窗框。打开通风口,循环空气,并在室内消毒。恒温和恒温有条件地安装。
  (4) The sterile room is small in volume and high in precision. After a period of time, the room temperature is very high, so ventilation windows should be provided. The ventilation window shall be set on the ceiling at the entrance of the inner room (the farthest place from the table), preferably double-layer structure, the outer layer is louver, and the inner layer can be plate window frame. Open vents, circulate air and disinfect indoors. Install under conditions of constant temperature and constant temperature.
山东实验室装修设计
  无菌室内设备和用具
  Sterile indoor equipment and appliances
  (1)无菌室表,而不管所使用的材料和目的的,要求具有光滑的表面和表级。
  (1) The sterile room surface, regardless of the material and purpose used, requires a smooth surface and surface grade.
  (2)室内外安装紫外线灯(多30W)内室紫外线灯安装在正常工作座椅正上方,离地2米,外室紫外线灯安装在外室。
  (2) UV lamp (more than 30W) shall be installed indoors and outdoors. The UV lamp in the inner chamber shall be installed directly above the normal working seat, 2m above the ground, and the UV lamp in the outer chamber shall be installed in the center of the outer chamber.
  (3)外室应有专门的工作服、鞋、帽、面具、瓷盆、毛巾,有宿舍水、手喷雾器和5%碳酸溶液。
  (3) the outer room should have special work clothes, shoes, caps, masks, porcelain pots, towels, dormitory water, hand sprayer and 5% carbonic acid solution.
  (4)室温应酒精灯,通常接种手段,不锈钢刀,剪刀,镊子,70%酒精棉,工业酒精,包含在玻璃,特种蜡笔,记录,铅笔,纸标签,胶水,废纸篓等待。
  (4) Room temperature should be alcohol lamp, usually inoculation means, stainless steel knife, scissors, tweezers, 70% alcohol cotton, industrial alcohol, included in glass, special crayons, records, pencils, paper labels, glue, wastebasket waiting.
  (1)熏蒸:这是无菌室彻底灭菌的量度。无菌室应使用很长一段时间。如果污染严重,应进行熏蒸。它可以与甲醛,乳酸或硫熏蒸。
  (1) Fumigation: This is a measure of thorough sterilization in a sterile room. Sterile rooms should be used for a long time. If the pollution is serious, fumigation should be carried out. It can be fumigated with formaldehyde, lactic acid or sulfur.
  (2)喷雾:无菌间每次使用前。喷雾可以促进空气中颗粒和微生物的沉淀,防止灰尘在桌子和地面上飞行,具有杀菌效果。喷雾5%碳酸。
  (2) spray: sterile room before each use. Spray can promote the precipitation of particles and microorganisms in the air, prevent dust from flying on the table and the ground, and has bactericidal effect. Spray 5% carbonic acid.
  (3)UV照射:在每次使用前无菌室中。紫外线有良好的杀菌作用。典型地,该UV灯从应30?60分钟被接通。
  (3) UV irradiation: in sterile room before each use. UV has a good bactericidal effect. Typically, the UV lamp should be turned on from 30? 60 minutes.

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