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不同行业的装修设计的实验室有什么不同?

来源:http://www.sdrunjing.com/ 日期:2020-03-02 发布人:润静小编
  不同行业的装修设计的实验室不同,下面简单介绍一下这中间的差异。
  Different industries have different decoration design laboratories. Here is a brief introduction to the differences.
  1,学校
  1, School
  规模越大,标准化越高,技术含量越低,结构越简单。化学和物理实验室是主要的。一些大学(如医药和食品)有一些要求空气质量的清洁实验室。
  The larger the scale, the higher the standardization, the lower the technical content and the simpler the structure. Chemistry and physics labs are the main ones. Some universities (such as medicine and food) have clean laboratories that require air quality.
  2、用于疾病的控制和预防
  2. For Disease Control and Prevention
  和技术。实验室具有一定的危害性,对人、物流方向;抗震、废水、通风、空气质量等。都有更严格的要求。应特别注意生物安全实验室的压差控制,以及通风、排气处理和系统交叉污染的预防。
  Professional and technical. The laboratory is harmful to people and logistics, anti-seismic, waste water, ventilation, air quality, etc. There are more stringent requirements. Special attention should be paid to the pressure difference control of biosafety laboratory, as well as the prevention of ventilation, exhaust treatment and system cross contamination.
  3、化学
  3, chemistry
  化验室是化验室的主体,因此化验室的排气系统和废气处理尤为重要。此外,还应注意实验室的功率分配。有些实验室对防爆设计有要求。
  The laboratory is the main body of the laboratory, so the exhaust system and exhaust gas treatment are particularly important. In addition, attention should be paid to the power distribution of the laboratory. Some laboratories have requirements for explosion-proof design.
  实验室的设计
  Design of laboratory
  4、生物、
  4. Biology
  生物实验室主要是洁净实验室,其中更常见的是分子生物学实验室和微生物实验室。此类实验室应注意实验是否对图像有害,正确判断实验室的安全水平。系统独立性,防止相互交叉污染;
  Biological laboratory is mainly clean laboratory, the most common of which are molecular biology laboratory and Microbial Laboratory. This kind of laboratory should pay attention to whether the experiment is harmful to the image and correctly judge the safety level of the laboratory. System independence to prevent cross contamination;
  5、医疗
  5, medical treatment
  医院的实验室主要负责检测、教学、研究和开发,而大部分的实验都是有害的,如HIV、分子生物学(PCR),尤其是一些传染性细菌,所以这样的实验室应该有一个良好的排气系统,并且不产生相互交叉污染。
  The hospital's laboratory is mainly responsible for testing, teaching, research and development, and most of the experiments are harmful, such as HIV, molecular biology (PCR), especially some infectious bacteria, so such a laboratory should have a good exhaust system, and do not produce cross contamination.
  6、食品
  6. Food
  随着人们文化意识的提高,人们越来越重视食品和饮食,健康、科学的食品越来越受到人们的重视。食品安全越来越受到人们的关注。严格控制食品质量已成为食品加工企业及相关检测机构的重要手段。食品的理化性质、营养成分分析、细菌含量等已成为食品行业实验室的重要控制目标。
  With the improvement of people's cultural awareness, people pay more and more attention to food and diet, healthy and scientific food is more and more valued by people. People pay more and more attention to food safety. Strict control of food quality has become an important means for food processing enterprises and relevant testing institutions. The physical and chemical properties, nutrient analysis and bacterial content of food have become the important control objectives of the laboratory of food industry.
  7、电子
  7, electronic
  由于涉及的产品种类繁多,这些实验室是为制造商的研究目的而建立的;因此,它的布局是多样化的。
  Due to the wide range of products involved, these laboratories are established for the research purposes of manufacturers; therefore, their layout is diversified.
  8、水
  8, water
  水是生命之源。水质微生物、毒理学、感官性状、一般化学指标和放射性指标的检测是保证水质安全的重要保证。
  Water is the source of life. The detection of water quality microorganism, toxicology, sensory properties, general chemical indicators and radioactive indicators is an important guarantee to ensure the safety of water quality.
山东实验室装修设计
  9. 测试及核证机构
  9. Testing and certification authority
  实验的多样性决定了实验室的多样性,如清洁、通风、空调(包括恒温恒湿)、物理、化学等。
  The diversity of experiments determines the diversity of laboratories, such as cleaning, ventilation, air conditioning (including constant temperature and humidity), physics, chemistry, etc.
  10、农业
  10, agriculture
  包括家畜育种、花卉、植物研究等,通常以土壤和空气、水为检测对象的图像,如气相、液相、细菌检测等。有些项目有更严格的温度和湿度要求(如花卉研究)。
  Including livestock breeding, flower, plant research, etc., usually take soil, air, water as the detection object image, such as gas phase, liquid phase, bacteria detection, etc. Some projects have more stringent temperature and humidity requirements (such as flower Research).
  11、医药、
  11. Medicine
  主要从事药物检测和研发,净化实验室占实验室的重要比例。实验室建设严格按照GMP规范进行。
  Mainly engaged in drug testing and research and development, purification laboratory accounts for an important proportion of the laboratory. The laboratory construction is carried out in strict accordance with GMP specifications.
  12. 公共安全系统
  12. Public security system
  公安系统主要包括:实验室法医病理学损伤、法医物证,DNA,中毒、微量物证、跟踪、刑事摄影、指纹、子弹、文档、炸药和其他检查和鉴定工作,其结论将为法院提供证据,有关保护公民权利和司法公正。在尸检实验室中,对废气和废气进行处理。
  The public security system mainly includes: laboratory forensic pathology damage, forensic physical evidence, DNA, poisoning, trace physical evidence, tracking, criminal photography, fingerprints, bullets, documents, explosives and other inspection and identification work. Its conclusions will provide evidence for the court, related to the protection of civil rights and judicial justice. In the autopsy laboratory, waste gas and exhaust gas are treated.
  冶金、地质
  Metallurgy, geology
  这类实验室主要分析矿物成分,实验中会使用大量的酸和碱。因此,更好的防腐设计和良好的通风效果尤为重要。此外,矿物分解加热过程中会产生大量的高温实验,因此耐高温也是此类实验室设计中需要注意的。磨矿过程中产生的粉尘可采用机械通风除尘的方法。实验中产生的酸、碱等废气可采用水雾处理。
  This kind of laboratory mainly analyzes the mineral composition, and a large number of acids and bases will be used in the experiment. Therefore, better anticorrosion design and good ventilation effect are particularly important. In addition, a large number of high temperature experiments will be produced in the process of mineral decomposition and heating, so high temperature resistance is also the key point in the design of this kind of laboratory. The dust produced in the grinding process can be removed by mechanical ventilation. The waste gas such as acid and alkali produced in the experiment can be treated by water mist.
  结论:由此可见,实验室领域跨度较大,每个实验室都非常特殊,需要的山东实验室装修设计团队来定制实验室。
  Conclusion: it can be seen that the field of laboratory has a large span, and each laboratory is very special, which requires a professional design team to customize the laboratory.

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