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说一说生物实验室的规划设计有哪些讲究?

来源:http://www.sdrunjing.com/ 日期:2020-11-13 发布人:润静小编
生物实验室作为与生物科相关的实验场所,对于实验环境的洁净度、温湿度等有相应的要求。生物实验室装修的规划设计要点主要包括实验室的建筑布局和通风系统。
As an experimental place related to biology, biological laboratory has corresponding requirements for the cleanliness, temperature and humidity of the experimental environment. The planning and design points of biological laboratory decoration mainly include the building layout and ventilation system.
一、生物实验室的建筑布局
1、 Architectural layout of biological laboratory
生物实验室分为动物学实验室、植物学实验室、微生物实验室,这里以P3级生物安全实验室为例,实验室的建筑内环境布局要求与公共通道口分开。从走廊入口或其他相邻的实验室进人该实验室要通过两道自动关闭的门。通道里有更衣室(可淋浴)。实验室人物流要分开。
The biological laboratory is divided into zoology laboratory, botany laboratory and microbiology laboratory. Taking P3 biosafety laboratory as an example, the layout of the laboratory building is required to be separated from the public access. Access from the corridor entrance or other adjacent laboratories is through two self closing doors. There is a changing room in the passageway. The flow of lab people should be separated.
离开实验室顺序与进入相反。物流是指所进入实验室的物品要经过另一清洁走廊的传递窗进入,相反实验室内的物品要消毒处理后,再经过传递窗传出。
The order of leaving the laboratory is opposite to entering. Logistics means that the items entering the laboratory should pass through the delivery window of another clean corridor. On the contrary, the articles in the laboratory should be disinfected and then sent out through the transfer window.
              山东实验室装修设计
二、生物实验室的通风系统
2、 Ventilation system of biological laboratory
如果说建筑布局和装修方案时生物实验室安全运行的基础,那么空气调节系统则是生物实验室安全运行的关键。实验室内的实验室对象由于是危险的微生物病菌,它会对人、动植物与环境造成危害,因此要使用相关空气调节系统,以保持实验室内相对负压环境的稳定性。
If the layout and decoration of the building is the basis of the safe operation of the biological laboratory, then the air conditioning system is the key to the safe operation of the biological laboratory. The laboratory objects in the laboratory are dangerous microorganisms, which will cause harm to human, animals and plants and the environment. Therefore, the relevant air conditioning system should be used to maintain the stability of the relative negative pressure environment in the laboratory.
实验室由于存在大量水和药品管理,容易引发室内超市和药品异味,同时温度的上升也会造成安全隐患 ,毕竟在实验室的一些药品和器材使用需要严格遵循条例加以安全养护。因此,对于实验室来说,良好的通风系统是生物实验室装修的关键,不但为药品管理、空间洁净提供保障,也能确保实验室温湿度得到合理的控制。
Due to the existence of a large number of water and drug management in the laboratory, it is easy to cause indoor supermarket and drug odor. At the same time, the rise of temperature will also cause safety hazards. After all, some drugs and equipment in the laboratory need to be maintained in strict accordance with the regulations. Therefore, for the laboratory, a good ventilation system is the key to the decoration of biological laboratory, which not only provides guarantee for drug management and clean space, but also ensures that the temperature and humidity of the laboratory are reasonably controlled.

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