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生物实验室建设规范要求有哪些注意事项?

来源:http://www.sdrunjing.com/ 日期:2020-07-04 发布人:润静小编
  生物实验室建设不仅仅是仪器设备和家具的简单组合而已,它是一个复杂的系统工程。目前生物实验室的应用越来越广泛,比如这次的新冠病毒的爆发,就需要建立相关的生物实验室进行研究,并研发疫苗。同样级别的生物实验室,由于应用领域不同,要求也会有很大的区别。没有标准限制的生物实验室,哪怕建设完成了也无法安全使用。想要生物实验室建设符合各方面标准,除了严格执行行业规范条例来设计规划之外,还需要注意生物实验室的建设规范。下面山东实验室装修设计就带大家一起来看一下吧!
  The construction of biological laboratory is not only a simple combination of equipment and furniture, but also a complex system engineering. At present, the application of biological laboratory is more and more extensive, such as the outbreak of new coronavirus, it is necessary to establish relevant biological laboratory for research and development of vaccine. The same level of biological laboratory, due to the application of different fields, the requirements will be very different. There is no standard limit of biological laboratory, even if the construction is completed, it can not be used safely. If we want the construction of biological laboratory to meet the standards of all aspects, we should pay attention to the construction standard of biological laboratory in addition to the strict implementation of industrial norms and regulations. The following Shandong laboratory decoration design will take you to have a look!
  一、生物实验室防护安全分级
  1、 Safety classification of biological laboratory protection
  根据实验室的设计特点、建筑结构和屏障设施等可将生物安全实验室分为四个安全防护等级即生物安全防护水平一级(biosafety?level,BSL-1)~生物安全防护水平四级(biosafetylevel,BSL-4),BSL-1防护水平和隔离要求,BSL-4防护水平和隔离要求。BSL-1、BSL-2实验室属基础实验室,BSL-3实验室为屏障实验室,BSL-4实验室为高度屏障实验室。因此生物实验室在建设前,必须要注意选择具有生物安全实验室设计资质的设计单位,进行科学合理的设计,并组织人员对设计方案进行安全性、科学性、实用性、选址布局的合理性及可行性等方面论证。生物实验室在平面布局上课通过分区物理隔离措施,将实验污染区和其他清洁区进行隔离,还有就是通过气流组织的方式,使实验室形成单向气流(负压环境),达到抑制感染性因子外泄的目的。
          山东实验室装修设计
  According to the design characteristics, building structure and barrier facilities of the laboratory, the biosafety laboratory can be divided into four levels: biosafety? Level (BSL-1) ~ biosafety level (BSL-4). BSL-1 has the lowest protection level and isolation requirements, and BSL-4 has the highest protection level and isolation requirements. BSL-1 and BSL-2 are basic laboratories, BSL-3 laboratories are barrier laboratories, and BSL-4 laboratories are high barrier laboratories. Therefore, before the construction of biological laboratory, we must pay attention to the selection of design units with biosafety laboratory design qualification, carry out scientific and reasonable design, and organize professionals to demonstrate the safety, scientificity, practicability, rationality and feasibility of site selection and layout of the design scheme. Biological laboratory in the plane layout class, through the partition physical isolation measures, the experimental pollution area and other clean areas are isolated, and through the way of air distribution, the laboratory forms a unidirectional air flow (negative pressure environment), to achieve the purpose of inhibiting the leakage of infectious factors.
  二、生物实验室建设注意事项
  2、 Notes on the construction of biological laboratory
  1、毒性强、感染性高的实验室应与办公区域隔离,成独立或相对独立区域;病原微生物实验室应尽量设在人员流动少的区域。
  1. The professional laboratory with strong toxicity and high infectivity should be isolated from the office area to form an independent or relatively independent area; the pathogenic microorganism laboratory should be located in the area with less personnel flow as far as possible.
  2、人员进出通道和物品通道分开,洁净物品与污染物品通道分开
  2. The passage for personnel and articles shall be separated, and the passageway for clean articles and contaminated articles shall be separated
  3、洁净区与污染区域进行隔离,应安装安全柜与负压通风柜。
  3. The clean area should be isolated from the polluted area, and safety cabinet and negative pressure ventilation cabinet should be installed.
  4、对病原微生物进行分类管理,实验室进行分级管理等。
  4. The pathogenic microorganisms were classified and managed, and the laboratories were classified and managed.
  由于生物实验室的行业特殊性以及生物实验室建设标准规范也非常多,因此具体还需要咨询的生物实验室建设单位.
Due to the particularity of biological laboratory industry and many standards and specifications for construction of biological laboratory, it is necessary to consult professional construction unit of biological laboratory
  以上是关于生物实验室装修设计注意事项的相关介绍,希望对您有所帮助,想要了解更多内容欢迎点击山东实验室装修设计http://www.sdrunjing.com官网。
  The above is about the biological laboratory decoration design considerations related introduction, hope to help you, want to know more content, welcome to click Shandong laboratory decoration design http://www.sdrunjing.com Official website.

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